Since the construction of the first icebreaker “Ermak” Russian icebreaking fleet has accumulated more than 100-year experience.
It was proven in the course of history that development of navigation in the freezing seas of both northern and southern hemispheres would have been impossible without icebreakers.
Powerful atomic icebreakers that operate in the Arctic seas are the key element of the maritime transport system which includes the Northern Sea Route.
Contemporary atomic icebreaking fleet has the following tasks in the Arctic and other freezing seas:
- making canals in drifting and fast ice to provide navigation to and out of freezing ports;
- piloting and towing vessels to increase navigation speed and ensure navigational and ecological safety;
- provision of safe cargo operations out of ports near Arctic coastline and islands with discharging in the road and over fast ice;
- active influence on hydrologic processes, artificial fast ice breaking, fighting ice jams to quickly clear away ice from water area;
- carrying out research programs including ice piloting of research, drilling vessels and platforms;
- support of remote point berths (terminals), piloting, placing, support of loading and back piloting tankers;
- rescue operations in ice conditions, diving and repair works, towage of broken vessels;
- medical assistance to crews at sea;
- tourist voyages to the North Pole, islands and archipelagoes of the Central Arctic.